I’d not usually link to the
Daily Mail lite Metro, but this was an interesting one to see from their pages:
“It was trying to rescue Darwin’s ideas from Herbert Spencer’s ‘survival of the fittest’ idea. Kropotkin looked at how vampire bats feed blood from their own mouths to bats who come back from hunting without any – so he looked at how co-operation is the norm in nature. That got me into it. And also how Spencer’s cardboard view of Darwinism is used to justify cuts on the welfare state – the language saturates everything, using ‘survival of the fittest’ as if it’s about progress, whereas Darwin didn’t think it was. This dog-eat-dog view of evolution has had a harmful impact – we think we’re worse than we are, which leaves us not wanting to take control of our own lives.”
The full interview can be read here.